Because pregnancy is associated with increased blood volume and increased cardiac output as well as other changes in the circulatory system, many types of heart disease can worsen or be associated with poor outcomes during pregnancy. While many mild chronic heart conditions can be well tolerated during pregnancy, other conditions pose a significant risk to the mother and fetus. Women with pre-existing heart disease should always consult with Gynaecologist Singapore when planning a pregnancy to check their own risk level, their potential baby outcome, and treatment options.
Hereditary (genetic) disease and pregnancy planning
Certain diseases, such as Tay-Sachs, sickle cell anaemia, haemophilia, cystic fibrosis, and certain genetic diseases are genetically inherited. A healthy partner with a family history of this condition can itself be a carrier of genetic traits. Diagnostic tests can be performed to screen out certain genetic traits before becoming pregnant. Genetic counselling is given to couples who may carry genetic diseases as part of pregnancy planning.
Older women have an increased risk of having babies with chromosomal abnormalities, leading to cognitive defects and other birth defects. Chromosomal abnormalities (such as Down syndrome) can cause birth defects and cognitive defects. Pregnant women older than 35 years or have other risk factors may consider amniocentesis to detect this chromosomal abnormality. During amniocentesis, a sample of amniotic fluid is sucked from the uterus. Chromosome analysis can be performed on fetal cells in the amniotic fluid.
Phenylketonuria is an inherited disease that affects the utilisation of certain protein components in foods known as phenylalanine. This disorder can be detected by blood tests. Mothers with phenylketonuria may give birth to children with developmental disabilities unless the child’s diet is strictly controlled by excluding the phenylalanine content in the diet.
In addition, there are also questions that arise related to having sex during pregnancy. Sexual intercourse during pregnancy is safe for most women. Special situations in which women may be advised to avoid sexual intercourse include a history of more than one miscarriage, previous premature birthing history, infection, bleeding, amniotic fluid leakage, and a condition called placenta previa or low-lying placenta. Placenta previa is a condition when the placenta is embedded near the birth canal of the uterus so that at the time of birth the placenta scouts the baby. Placenta previa can create painless bleeding in the last trimester of pregnancy and may be the reason for giving birth with section caesarian.
Sexually transmitted diseases today need to be wary of because they are vulnerable to everyone being infected. Not everyone has a high risk of contracting Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) because not all lifestyle can trigger the risk of STD transmission. However, there are certain behaviours that may increase the risk of contracting STDs. If you feel that you are contaminated by people with STD, you can do PEP Singapore.
What behaviours increase the risk of STD?
1. Sex without condoms
Although condom use does not mean you are not exposed to STDs, condom use is one of the best ways to avoid STD transmission when you have sex. The use of condoms during intercourse has the effect of reducing transmission risk. Make condoms a good habit that is routinely done for the good of you and your partner.
2. Switch between pairs
Yes, this is very clear. The more couples you have of course the higher the risk of STD transmission. Know, the perpetrators who alternate couples have a tendency that may not be realised by them that the couple they usually choose is also liked to change.
3. Knowing sex early without good education
Do you know that teenagers and young adults are more vulnerable to STDs than those who are old enough? This is because biologically young women tend to have a smaller body that makes it easier to tear during intercourse. Their cervix is not fully developed so it is more susceptible to chlamydia, gonorrhoea and other STDs. Keep in mind, young people rarely use condoms and are more likely to risk sexually, especially if they are under the influence of alcohol.
4. Excessive alcohol use
Excessive use of alcohol and excessive amounts can cause your mind to clear up decisions, including unsafe sex behaviour. Especially if you lose consciousness, you might wake up in the morning with a feeling of confusion somewhere and with an unknown partner.
5. Use of drugs
Anyone knows the use of illegal drugs causes you to be unstable in making decisions including regarding sexual intercourse. Keep in mind also, the use of syringes that alternately increase the risk for HIV and Hepatitis! You certainly do not want it if one day you regret it because of careless mistakes that could have been avoided?
We must often hear how dirty and full of bacteria are public toilets. For this reason, it is good we immediately wash hands with soap so as not exposed to the bacteria that cause disease. However, there is a question that arises if we use public toilets. Given that this toilet is used by many people, is it possible if a sexually transmitted disease can be transmitted through the use of a public toilet? To know more about STD, you can visit STD Clinic Singapore.
Health experts from Sidney Sexual Health Center, Australia, mentioned if these fears are understandable but not true. Although bacteria and viruses that can trigger sexually transmitted diseases can stick to toilet seats, however, they tend to die instantly out of the human body. Bacteria and viruses are not going to last long at temperatures that tend to dry and hot so before the toilet sat touched by the skin of others, bacteria and viruses are dead.
Sexually transmitted diseases will only be transmitted through sexual activity, whether it be sex, oral sex, or through skin and skin like genital wart infection. In addition to these activities, the disease is likely to not be able to move to others. According to him, until now, there has never been found a case of someone affected by sexually transmitted diseases because of the use of public toilets.
Although certainly will not transmit sexually transmitted diseases, it’s good we still maintain the cleanliness of the body after using public toilets. We should always wash our hands with soap and dry it well so we will prevent the spread of various bacteria and germs that can trigger digestive problems.
In addition, many may not know that a person’s body odour may indicate that the person is infected with a sexually transmitted disease, although not everyone who has a different body odour is then considered to have a sexually transmitted disease. Men infected with Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) turned out to emit a different body aroma, this aroma can be recognised by women by just sniffing the scent of a man’s body.
This conclusion is drawn from research conducted by researchers from Russia and published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, this study using rats and humans as objects. Male rats that emit a distinctive aroma from this STD will not be approached by female rats. And this has also been done in humans, the result, 50 percent of women categorise the body odour of men with STDs with a foul odour. This also indicates if humans can recognise the scent of a potential partner, in this case, does not suffer from STD.